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P N Panicker, the Father of Library Movement in Kerala

Puthuvayil Narayana Panicker is known as the Father of the Library Movement in the Indian state of Kerala. The activities of the Kerala Grandhasala Sanghom that he initiated triggered a popular cultural movement in Kerala which produced universal literacy in the state in the 1990s.

Panicker was born on 1 March 1909 in Jamjamjum to Govinda Pillai and Janaky Amma at Neelamperoor, India. In 1926 he started the Sanadanadharmam Library as a teacher in his hometown. He was a teacher and his influence on society was much greater than many of his time.

Panicker led the formation of Thiruvithaamkoor Granthasala Sangham (Travancore Library Association) in 1945 with 47 rural libraries. The slogan of the organization was ‘Read and Grow’. Later on, with the formation of Kerala State in 1956, it became Kerala Granthasala Sangham (KGS). He traveled to the villages of Kerala proclaiming the value of reading. He succeeded in bringing some 6,000 libraries into this network. Grandhasala Sangham won the prestigious ‘Krupsakaya Award’ from UNESCO in 1975. Panicker was the General Secretary of Sangham for 32 years, until 1977, when it was taken over by the State Government. It became the Kerala State Library Council, with an in-built democratic structure and funding.

After his organization was taken over by the State, Panicker became subject to political interference. In 1977 he responded by founding the Kerala Association for Non-formal Education and Development (KANFED). KANFED was instrumental in starting the Kerala State Literacy Mission, which led Kerala to its universal literacy movement. Thus, Kerala became the first state which achieved universal literacy.

Panicker took a keen interest in promoting Agricultural Books Corners, The Friendship Village Movement (Sauhrudagramam), Reading Programmes for Families, Grants for Books and building libraries and Best Reader’s Award P.N. Panicker Foundation.

Panicker died on 19 June 1995, at age 86. The Government of Kerala acknowledged his contributions and ordered that 19 June be observed, annually, as Vaayanadinam (Day of Reading) with a week-long series of activities at schools and public institutions to honor his contributions to the cause of literacy, education and library movement.

The Department of Posts honored Panicker by issuing a commemorative postage stamp on 21 June 2004.

His birth centenary was celebrated under the auspices of the P. N. Panicker Foundation in 2010.

Information courtesy:


Paper sizes

We usually take prints in an A4 size paper. The size of this paper is 210 x 297mm or 8.3 x 11.7 in. There are other paper sizes also. The A paper size system was formally adopted in Europe in the 19th century and has since spread around the world. It is now used in nearly every country apart from the USA and Canada. A4 is the most common standard business letter size used in English speaking countries. This is the ISO 216 paper size system. This system is an international standard that is used in many places in the world in copy and print devices that defines paper sizes. Based on the metric system, the ISO paper size system uses a height-to-width ratio with an aspect ratio of 1 to 1.414 (The square root of 2). If a sheet is cut into two, the resulting halves are the same proportions as the original. The United States and Canada do not widely use the ISO standard paper sizes. Instead, the United States uses the Letter, Legal and Executive system.

Given below is a list of various paper sizes used in India.

A0 = 841 x 1189 mm 33.1 x 46.8 in
A1 = 594 x 841 mm 23.4 x 33.1 in
A2 = 420 x 594 mm 16.5 x 23.4 in
A3 = 297 x 420 mm 11.7 x 16.5 in
A4 = 210 x 297 mm 8.3 x 11.7 in
A5 = 148 x 210 mm 5.8 x 8.3 in
A6 = 105 x 148 mm 4.1 x 5.8 in
A7 = 74 x 105 mm 2.9 x 4.1 in
A8 = 52 x 74 mm 2.0 x 2.9 in
A9 = 37 x 52 mm 1.5 x 2.0 in
A10 = 26 x 37 mm 1.0 x 1.5 in

To obtain paper sizes in centimetres, convert mm values to cm by dividing by 10 and in feet by dividing inch values by 12.

For more information on paper sizes visit here.

Slogans on books

The following slogans were submitted by students as part of the slogan writing competition.

  • Books are the streetlights that light up the street called life. (Devi Ardra, X-A)
  • Success never ends, failure never stops. Knowledge never misguides. Read, read, read for a better and enlightened future. (Gopika B Kurup, X-A)
  • Lighten your reading, brighten your future. (Salama Bathool, X-A)
  • Read to live, live to read. (Vaishnav P, IX-A)
  • A book, a pen, a teacher and a student can change the world. (Fathima Zahra H (IX-A)
  • Books: gateway to knowledge, liberty and wisdom. (Aswanth R, IX-B)
  • Books are our friends when we are lonely. (Kulsum Khader, VII-A)
  • Read books and make your future bright. (Adarsh S Suresh, VIII-C)
  • Books are the key to knowledge. (Sahil Sarun, VIII-C)
  • Books are our path to knowledge. (Nakshathra S Raveendaran, VIII-C)
  • Books are our key to success. (Anagha A, VIII-C)
  • Books develop knowledge. Knowledge develop books. (Reshmi Rajeev, VIII-C)
  • Reading is fun. (Anjana S Kumar, VIII-C)
  • Fools believe that the most precious thing in this world is money. But wise people know that it is books. (Sreelakshmi S, X-C)
  • Books are like light. Like light removes darkness, books remove darkness from our stressed life. (Sandra Prasanth, X-C)
  • Reading books light up even the darkest moment of one’s life. (Anakha Satheesh, X-C)
  • Books are the most important and the most powerful weapon we have. (Arya R Nair, IX-C)
  • Books won’t come to us. We have to go to them. (Devi S Nair, IX-C)
  • Books are the precious gems of our life. (Avantika S Jiji, IX-A)
  • Read lot, know lot. (Meghna R Dinesh, X-C)
  • Books are one of the finest material or equipment that can cure all types of emptiness. (Anu M, X-C)
  • Live in books. Be in books. Be with books. (Anandhu Narayanan, X-C)
  • Books: Read, think, imagine and develop a genius in you. (Aparna B Varghese, X-C)
  • Books are the key to wisdom. (Vidhu Krishnan, X-C)
  • Books are life. Life is books (Bibin Biju, X-A)

Examination materials

Sample question papers 2017-18: Class X | Class XII

Question papers of 2017: Class X | Class XII

Sample question papers 2016-17: Class X | Class XII

Sample question papers 2015-16: Class X | Class XII

Marking scheme for 2017: Class X | Class XII

[Links courtesy: CBSE website]

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